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As you prep your nest, keep these safety tips in mind.
Getting your home ready for your baby's arrival involves more than picking out the cute stuff.
Here are some key safety tips to keep in mind as you shop and set up the nursery.

crib  CRIB
• U.S. Consumer Products Safety Standards must be met. You may see a JPMA (Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association) certification on some cribs. A JPMA certification is not mandatory.
• Do not use a crib that has corner posts more than 1/16" high.
Tall posts should be out of the reach of a child and slats should be spaced no more than 23/8" apart.
• Crib hardware (such as screws, bolts and fittings) must be secured correctly and tightly into place toprevent the crib from collapsing.
• Mattress must fit snugly into the crib, and pillows are not recommended for use in a crib. According to the American Academy
of Pediatrics, if the spacebetween the crib and mattress can fit two adult fingers, then it is not safe.
• Crib gyms, bumpers, mobiles and all hanging cords must be removed from crib, once baby is able to push up on hands and starts to roll (usually by 4 to 6 months).
• Cutout designs in headboard or footboard are not recommended - due to potential entrapment and strangulation hazards.
• Crib placement is vital in determining the child's safety. Avoid placing the crib near lamps, dangling cords or ribbons, windows, fans, heaters or climbable furniture.
• Portable/non-full-size cribs should not be used on a permanent basis, as they are not designed to withstand the wear and tear that regular full-size cribs can endure.
• Not all secondhand cribs are risk-free. Be especially careful and evaluate against all thesafety features mentioned above.

CRIB MATTRESS (for infants under 12 months)
• Never use the mattress's plastic shipping bag or any other plastic, to waterproof or cover the mattress. Children can suffocate on the plastic.
• Leave less than an adult two-finger, width space between the mattress and the crib to prevent the child's body or face from getting trappedin the gap.
• Firmer is better! Sleeping on soft surfaces puts babies at greater risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

• Place baby on his/her back on a firm, tight-fitting mattress. Use only cribs that meet current safety standards.
• Do not place baby to sleep on an adult bed,
waterbed, sofa, soft mattress, pillow or other soft surface. Plus, don't put pillows, quilts, comforters sheepskins, pillow-like don't put pillows, quilts, comforters sheepskins, pillow-like stuffed toys and other pillowlike products in the crib.

• If using a blanket, tuck a thin blanket around the foot of the crib mattress, place baby near the foot of the crib, and pull
• If using a blanket, tuck a thin blanket around the foot of the crib mattress, place baby near the foot of the crib, and pull blanket up only as far as the baby's chest. Ensure that baby's head remains uncovered during sleep. For newborns, consider "swaddling.''
• If bumper pads are used in cribs, they should be thin, firm, well-secured and not pillow-like.

• Never turn your back on baby or leave baby unattended for even a second. Keep one hand on baby, and always use safety straps, when changing your baby.
• Make sure the changing table is sturdy, and will not collapse or tip over under the child's weight. If the changing table does not come with safety straps, then purchase a changing pad that comes with them.

• Do not rely on pressure-mounted gates at the top of stairways. Instead, only use a hardware-mounted gate that is securely installed.
• The height of a gate should never be less than ¾ of your child's height. Always close the gate behind you when leaving the room. Never leave your child unattended.
• When installing gates with expanding pressure bars, install the bars away from baby. Follow installation instructions and anchor the safety gate firmly in the doorway or stairway.
• Do not use older models of gates that are not certified for safety. They are more prone to be hazardous.

• Do not use the monitor to justify leaving your child alone while playing. Parental supervision is essential and the baby monitor should always be placed where it cannot be reached by baby or other children.
• Always follow manufacturer's instructions on placement and usage of monitors. Do not place near water. As with any electrical gadget, monitors present shock hazards if misused.
• Handle monitors with care. Protect from direct sunlight or heat source and do not carry the device by the antenna, as they are fragile.



Keeping them safe, while keeping them on the move.
Whether you're going on a simple grocery run or venturing out for a long period of time, you'll want
to keep your baby as safe as possible. Use these safety tips as guidelines for your outings.

• Be sure to purchase a car seat that is appropriate for your child's height, weight and age. Follow manufacturer's instructions for installation. If you have questions, call the manufacturer (most
provide a helpline number to call).
• Never install a car seat in a front-passenger seat that has an active air bag, and remember that all children 12 and under are safer in the backseat.
• The base of your car seat should rest firmly on the seat, and the vehicle's seatbelt system or LATCH system must be able to secure it tightly. If it moves more than an inch side to side, then it's too loose.
• If your vehicle's seatbelt is not able to lock your child's car seat securely in place, you may need to use a locking clip (which may be packaged with the seat or can be purchased separately).
• To make sure you have installed your car seat correctly, attend a car seat safety check. Many local fire departments, police stations, healthcare facilities, even Babies''R''Us stores, periodically hold these events - where a certified technician can examine your car seat installation.
• Send in the manufacturer's registration card. If your car seat is recalled, you will be notified by the manufacturer.
• Avoid used car seats. Older car seats may not conform to present safety standards. And since cracks and damages are not always visible, you may not know if it has been involved in a crash.
• Avoid using car seats involved in a crash. Involvement in collisions may limit their effectiveness. Parents should contact the car seat manufacturer to inquire whether the seat needs to be replaced, and then discuss it with their insurance company (policies often cover replacement).

Avoid these mistakes when installing your car seat:
Not securing your vehicle's seatbelt or LATCH system tightly. The car seat should not be able to move more than an inch side to side. Check your car seat each time you use it. If you can't securely installthe car seat, contact a certified child passenger
safety technician.
Switching to a forward-facing car seat too soon. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that babies ride rear-facing for as long as possible within the rear-facing limit of their seat, or until they reach at least one year of age and 20 lbs. When your child exceeds the infant car seat's height or weight limit, switch to a convertible car seat. This will allow your child to continue to ride rear-facing up to a higher height and weight limit, before having to switch to forward-facing. Using harness straps incorrectly. Be sure that the car seat's straps are threaded through the proper slots.

When used rear-facing, the straps should be positioned at or below shoulder level.When used forward-facing, the straps should be threaded through the slots recommended by the seat's manufacturer, most commonly through the slots that are at or above shoulder height. You should not be able to pinch any slack in the harness strap.

• Make sure that your stroller is completely in the open position, and the brakes are fully locked, before putting your baby inside.
• Always use the harness system and safety brakes, when you stop the stroller.
• Keep baby away from stroller when folding or unfolding it. Do not allow your child to stand in the stroller. Avoid hanging shopping bags, purses or anything else on the handles of a
stroller: it may tip.

• Always be sure all four sides are locked in the upright position whenever your baby is inside.
• Check mesh sides and railing for holes or tears. Do not place string toys in or across the top of the unit. Make sure that the mesh is less than ¼" in size.
• Do not place large toys, bumper pads or boxes inside the play yard. A child can use them to climb out.
• Follow manufacturer's guidelines on baby' height and weight.

• Refer to manufacturer's minimum age/weight requirements.
• Infant carriers should never be used while driving, jogging, skating or biking. Frame-style carriers should be used only when baby can sit upright unassisted.
• If picking something up while wearing the carrier, always bend at the knees or baby could fall out. Do not reach for overhead items that could fall and hit baby on the head.
• Do not cook with baby in the carrier, and always stay off stools and ladders while using a carrier.
• Do not use carriers during airplane take-offs or landings. They are not approved by the FAA for this purpose.



Mealtimes can sometimes be messy,
but they should always be safe.

Your baby's going to be doing a lot of eating with all that growing. Make sure he's as safe as possible
during every meal, and never leave baby unattended during mealtimes.

• Never warm formula in the microwave because it may heat unevenly and parts could scald baby.
• Do not let baby fall asleep with a bottle, as bedtime bottles may lead to tooth decay from formula, breastmilk or juice pooling in the mouth.
• Do not prop the bottle when feeding baby as it may cause choking. Always hold baby in a semi-upright position and angle the bottle accordingly.
• Do not pour overheated liquids into plastic liners orbottles.

• Use the restraint system every time.
• Make sure all safety straps attach securely and never depend on the tray to restrain baby.
• Check the locking mechanism to avoid accidental folding, while in use.
• Keep high chairs away from tables, counters and walls. Place all breakable bowls, plates and glasses out of a child's reach. Never let a child stand in a high chair.

• Never use a booster seat designed for the table
in any moving vehicle.
• Never use in a tub or as a stepping stool.
• Be sure the chair seat is larger than the booster.
Always remember to secure the booster seat
to the chair.
• Do not use any cushions between the booster
seat and the chair. Most importantly, don't let
your child stand on a booster.

• Make sure the table is no less than ½" thick. Follow all manufacturers' instructions.
• Do not use on glass tabletops, and do not use over tablecloths or place mats.
• Do not use on a counter, as this allows the child to push against the counter and dislodge the hook-on chair easily.
• Always secure waist and crotch straps. Discontinue use when child has reached the manufacturer's recommended weight.



Take care of your baby by keeping her safe.
Whether you're bathing or diapering your little one, you'll want to be protecting her at all times. So
use these tips as guidelines, and remember, no matter how hectic taking care of business gets,
never leave baby unattended.

• Before you begin bathing your child, have all supplies in front of you and within arm's reach, and always keep at least one hand on your baby.
• Do not leave baby unattended for a second. If you need to leave the bathroom, take baby along.
• Empty bath water immediately after use. A baby can drown in as little as an inch of water.
• Baby bath seats and baby bathtubs are not substitutes for supervision. They are only bathing aids, not safety devices. Strictly follow all warnings and manufacturer's instructions.
• Never use a bath seat on textured or non-skid surfaces, unless the manufacturer's instructions specifically state the seat is intended for such surfaces.
• ''Tubside'' seats are not suitable for sunken or nonstandard-size tubs. If the bath seat moves or is unstable while your child is in it, stop using it.
• Remember to set the maximum temperature on your hot water heater to no more than 120°F.
• Never run the water with baby in the bathtub. Fill the tub, then test the water temperature with your elbow or thermometer (before putting baby in the tub). Temperature should be between 90°and 100°F.

• Keep infants out of direct sunlight. If areas of skin and scalp are exposed, use a sunscreen with SPF of 15 or higher with both UVA and UVB protections.
• By your phone, keep a list of phone numbers for your local Poison Control Center, doctor and pharmacy.

• Be sure to choose a diaper disposal system that
grows with your child. You'll need a pail that can
handle those larger and smellier diapers, as your
child starts on solid food.
• To ''dispose'' of disposable diapers, don't flush them
down a toilet. Instead, place them in a tightly tied
plastic bag, and throw it into the trash.

• Be sure to clean your humidifier or vaporizer on each day of use; sanitize approximately every week or so to avoid bacteria and mold growth. Always follow manufacturer's instructions.
• Do not use the humidifier or vaporizer for extended
periods, as this can cause mold growth.



Make sure playtime is safe time too.
Let your baby be free to explore, by keeping his pdelilay area safe. Here are a few safety tips for playtime.
Remember to always refer to toy packaging for safety guines, and never leave baby unattended while playing.

• Never leave baby unsupervised with any toy.
• Always check rattles for loose or broken parts.
Avoid rattles small enough to fit into baby's mouth or ones with sharp edges.
• Remove rattles and teethers from the crib, when baby falls asleep.

• Always make sure the teether does not have small parts that could get lodged in a baby's throat.
• Read label to ensure that the teether is made of a non-toxic material, and is safe for your baby to chew on.
• Always wash the teether at the end of play, or if it falls on the ground.

• Always choose a pacifier that resembles the nipple of a breast or bottle.
• Do not offer a pacifier to a nursing baby before a nursing pattern is established. Allow your baby to get comfortable with suckling first to avoid confusion that may delay nursing success. Always check the pacifier for tears and cracks.
• Never put a pacifier on a ribbon or string to tie around baby's neck or attach to his clothing, stroller or crib.
• Offer a pacifier at nap and nighttime. Recent studies suggest, letting baby fall asleep with a pacifier in his or her mouth may decrease the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in the first year.

• Consider the safety of all toys: no strings; no small pieces or parts; lead-free; quality design; and no chipped, peeling or broken parts.
• Always supervise baby when she's playing with toys. Make sure battery compartment seals tightly, and the cover can't be removed by baby.
• Make sure to choose toys without small parts toprevent choking, reference age appropriateness on packaging, and make sure toys can withstandchewing.''
• Do not choose toys with strings more than 7" long, and do not leave stuffed toys in crib with baby unattended.

• Make sure you follow the manufacturer's instructions on securing the clamp to the doorway.
• Place baby carefully into the seat, ensuring both legs are placed securely through the leg holes.
• Initially, stay next to the baby until he or she starts feeling comfortable in the unit - but always provide close supervision.
• Use only for a child who is able to hold his/her head
upright unassisted, and who is not able to walk or climb. Stop using the jumper once baby reaches the weight limit suggested by the manufacturer.

• Place the unit so that your child is in full view.
• Ensure all the legs are set at the same height, before placing your child in it.
• Place entertainer in a safe place, away from heat sources, tables and cords.
• Use only for a child who is able to hold his or her head upright unassisted, and who is not able to walk or climb. Limit time spent in the entertainer, until baby has good head, torso and neck control.

• Fasten all safety straps on the swing once you sit the
baby in it.
• Make sure the seat is securely attached to the swing frame, and have the swing seat in a stationary position when placing baby in it.
• Make sure the legs are set properly to prevent tipping over, and follow the weight limit suggested by the manufacturer.

• Always strap your baby into the seat.
• Do not place on a raised or slippery surface.
• Make sure the base has rubber tips or other non-skid devices.
• Choose a wide base for added stability.

• To avoid tip-over, place jumper on a flat, level surface.
• Use only for a child who is able to hold her head upright unassisted, and who is not able to walk or climb.
• Never use near steps, pools, hot surfaces or area
that may be hazardous to a child. Product may move during use.